Skin FAQ's

What is Lip lightening treatment ?

It is a Laser treatment to reduce the dark pigmented lips. It is done in sessions till shade achieved.

What is Lip neutralization ?

A Color corrector is used to achieve lighter or shaded lips. It is done in sessions with organic pigments.

What is Scars and stretch mark camouflage ?

Color matching is done with organic pigments to get the closest possible camouflage. It is done in sessions till desired results achieved.

What is Eyebrow enhancement ?

Microblading or ombre eyebrows to get fuller face defining natural looking eyebrows. It is done in sessions till look is achieved.

Hair FAQ's

What is Scalp Micropigmentation ?

Scalp Micropigmentation is a non-invasive treatment that uses detailed micro-needles to deposit pigment into the scalp. The result creates the appearance of tiny hair follicles or short hair stubble. If your hair starting to thin, recede, or if you are completely bald, we can give you the look of a short buzz cut.

Is Scalp Micropigmentation permanent ?

Scalp Micropigmentation is a form of permanent cosmetics or permanent makeup. Often referred to as a cosmetic hair or scalp tattoo, this treatment typically lasts 4-6 years. After that time, a client may experience some slight fading, to which they can come back in for a quick touch up. This cosmetic solution will not wash off but can be tweaked as years go on. We always recommend meeting with our team of experienced expert practitioners to discuss your treatment options.

Is Micropigmentation procedure painful ?

Most people who undergo scalp micropigmentation report minimal pain. While the needles are fairly large and scary looking, hair tattoos are less painful than traditional tattoos. And unlike some other hair restoration procedures, patients won’t feel pain after scalp micropigmentation. Some soreness is to be expected, but the pain of this procedure is very little.

How can Scalp Micropigmentation help Alopecia ?

Organic pigments mimic the original hairline and create the illusion of hair density blending with existing hair. In this no hormonal therapy & no supplements are used. It is done in sessions till desired results are achieved.

Dental FAQ's

What type of toothbrush and toothpaste should I use ?

Buy toothbrushes with soft bristles. Medium and firm ones can damage teeth and gums. Use soft pressure, for 2 minutes, two times a day. Both powered and manual toothbrushes clean teeth well. Manual brushes with mixed bristle heights or angled bristles clean better than those with all flat, even bristles. Powered toothbrushes may be easier if you have trouble using your hands. Set a reminder to replace your toothbrush every 3-4 months. Toss it sooner if the bristles look bent or splayed out. Bent bristles don’t clean as well. (They’re also a sign you may be brushing too hard.) Most toothpastes will clear away bacteria growth and acids from food and drinks. Toothpastes with the American Dental Association (ADA) Seal of Acceptance always have fluoride, which strengthens and protects teeth. If you want a non-fluoride option, stores carry toothpastes and powders made with natural ingredients that don’t have ADA testing and approval. If cold or hot food or drinks make you cringe, pick a toothpaste for sensitive teeth and let your dentist know.

Do I really need to floss ?

There’s no getting around the need to get around your teeth daily with dental floss. It clears food and plaque from between teeth and under the gumline. If you don’t, plaque hardens into tartar, which forms wedges and widens the space between teeth and gums, causing pockets. Over time, gums pull away and teeth loosen. Either waxed or unwaxed floss will do the job. Using floss picks or interdental brushes is another easy option.

Does a rinse of mouthwash help ?

Mouthwashes for cavity protection, sensitivity, and fresh breath may help when you use them with regular brushing and flossing — but not instead of daily cleanings. Your dentist can recommend the best type for you. Some people need twice-daily rinses for gum health or alcohol-free washes for dry mouth. Kids under 6 shouldn’t use mouthwash to avoid the chance of them swallowing it.

Why do I need Regular Dental checkups?

Regular Dental checkups help in detecting dental conditions early to prevent bigger and more costly treatments later. A dental hygienist will start by cleaning buildup from your teeth. Then the dentist will probe spots on the surfaces and near the gumline with special tools. If it’s been a while between appointments, you may have some sore and sensitive areas. You should get an exam every 6 months, or more often if your dentist recommends it. Find one who makes you feel at ease and lets you know what to expect. Often the dread of seeing the dentist turns to big relief when the visit is over and you have a care plan set up. Also, Adults can be a positive reinforcement as parents/peers and can help kids overcome fears of visits to the dentist and in turn help to diagnose and correct arising dental issues (if any) at an early age with relevant interventions.

Urology FAQ's

What is Urology?

Urology is the surgical specialty that essentially focuses on the disorders or diseases associated with the urinary tracts of males and females, and the male reproductive system. Medical professionals who specialise in this field are called Urologists and are trained to effectively diagnose, treat, and manage patients suffering from related disorders. The various organs covered by urology include – kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and male reproductive organs namely – the, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis.

Urology involves the management of problems such as urinary tract stones, infections and benign prostatic enlargement, as well as complicated surgical problems such as the surgical management of different types of cancers and correction of congenital defects. Moreover, it is closely related to other medical fields including Oncology, Nephrology, Gynaecology, Gastroenterology, and Endocrinology. It is a discipline that combines the study of different organs and physiological systems, comprising different sub-fields.

When to see a urologist?

You may consult a urologist if you face issues such as:

  • Painful urination, straining or difficulty in passing urine, poor flow, frequency or urgency and incomplete voiding
  • Abdominal pain radiating to the groin with or without nausea or fever
  • Blood in the urine or Hematuria, which could be an early sign of a bladder or kidney cancer
  • Urinary tract infection, kidney stones and bladder infections
  • An increase in PSA levels or a change in PSA, the most sensitive indicator of prostate cancer
  • Any defect or abnormality of the kidney revealed by an X-ray
  • A testicular mass or continuous pain in scrotum
  • Male infertility problems such as low sperm count and sperm abnormalities
  • Erectile dysfunction or ejaculatory problems

What causes kidney stones?

Factors that could increase the potential risk of developing kidney stones include:

  • Dehydration
  • People who live in regions that have predominantly warm climates and those prone to excessive sweating
  • Consuming food rich in high protein, sodium and sugar
  • Obesity
  • Gastric bypass surgery, inflammatory bowel disease or chronic diarrhoea can bring about changes in the digestive process, which could in turn affect the assimilation of calcium and water
  • Other medical conditions such as Renal tubular acidosis, Cystinuria, and Hyperparathyroidism
  • High uric acid levels
  • Recurrent Urinary tract infections
  • Family history of stones
  • Men are more vulnerable to developing kidney stones when compared to women
  • Certain medications

What’s the best way to treat kidney stones?

The treatment of kidney stones depends on its size, location and composition. Keeping your body hydrated and taking certain medicines can help a small stone pass easily. However, for large problematic stones, there are certain other treatment options such as:

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy or ESWL is a process that uses shock (sound) waves to break or disintegrate a large kidney stone into tiny fragments so that it can easily pass out of the body through the urine. It has a success rate of 70% and isn’t used as commonly now as opposed to the past due to the need for repeat procedures for complete stone clearance. It is typically preferred in paediatric age-groups and for small soft stones.

Ureteroscopic Stone Removal (URS) uses a small telescope with a laser to disintegrate stones stuck in the ureters. With a success rate of over 95%, it is the preferred modality of management of ureteric stones obstructing the flow of urine.

Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL, PNL) is an endoscopic surgical procedure that is used to remove large stones (>2cm) from the kidneys, with a success rate of >95%. Nowadays, we use smaller sized instruments to gain access to kidney stones using Miniperc and Microperc techniques.

Retrograde IntraRenal Surgery (RIRS) uses a flexible endoscope to enter the kidney through the urethra to crush stones or ablate tumours using a laser. Its success rate is >95% and is a lesser invasive technique to remove multiple renal stones, especially if lesser than 1.5cm.

There’s blood in my urine. What could be causing this?

Blood in urine, also known as Hematuria, is in fact a symptom and not a particular condition. Cases of hematuria should be precisely evaluated by the doctor to determine or rule out an underlying cause. Blood in urine can usually come from the kidneys, ureters, bladder or urethra

Some of the possible causes of blood in urine include:

  • Infections or stones in the bladder or kidney
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia or enlarged prostate
  • Prostate cancer
  • Tumour in the bladder, kidney, or ureter
  • Injury to the kidney due to an accident or sports
  • Vigorous exercise
  • Consuming blood thinners like Aspirin, Clopidogrel and the like
  • Certain kidney diseases such as glomerulonephritis or inflammation that occur in the kidneys’ filtering system

It’s painful to urinate; what could be the problem?

Dysuria refers to pain, discomfort, or burning sensation when urinating. This symptom is more common in women than in men. However, it is commoner in older men than the young ones.

Some of the common causes of painful urination are:

  • Urinary tract infections (UTI) caused due to several factors such as diabetes, advanced age, enlarged prostate, kidney stones, pregnancy and having a urinary catheter in place.
  • Vaginal infection
  • Sexually transmitted infections such as Genital herpes, Chlamydia and Gonorrhea

How can I urinate less frequently at night?

Some of the things you can do to reduce urinary frequency are:

  • Bladder retraining, or in other words, training your bladder to hold urine for a longer time and urinate less frequently over a period of about 12 weeks
  • Kegel exercises to help strengthen the pelvic muscles around the bladder and urethra so as to increase bladder control and to minimize urinary urgency and frequency
  • Not consuming foods that upset your bladder or act as diuretics such as caffeine, alcohol, carbonated drinks, chocolate, artificial sweeteners, or spicy food
  • Consuming abundant high-fibre food, as constipation may worsen symptoms associated with an overactive bladder syndrome
  • Drinking adequate water to prevent constipation and over-concentration of urine
  • Avoiding too much water, just before bedtime, as it can cause night-time urination
  • Keeping blood sugar levels under control if diabetes has been diagnosed as the cause

What are the most common procedures Urologists perform?

The most common procedures performed by urologists in an office include:

  • Cystoscopy or visual scope inspection of the urethra, bladder and prostate in men
  • Removal of stents
  • Dilatation of the Urethra
  • Urodynamic studies

Common procedures performed in an operation room setting include:

  • Robotic or Laparoscopic removal of the kidney, prostate, bladder or testis owing to cancer
  • Transurethral surgeries for benign prostate hypertrophy and bladder tumours using lasers
  • Endoscopic removal of the kidney, ureteral or bladder stones using lasers
    Kidney transplant
  • Robotic and Laparoscopic reconstructive surgeries like Pyeloplasty or Reimplant
  • Urethral stricture surgeries
  • Vasectomy, Penile implants or Incontinence surgeries